Sierra Leone currently operates on the basis of the 1991 Constitution. The Constitution signaled an end to one-party rule and ushered in a new political dispensation of multi-party democracy. However, the Constitution was endorsed three months after the civil war broke out. As part of the process of negotiating the end to the civil war, Article X of the July 1999 Lome Peace Accord provided for a review of the Constitution.
Subsequently, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC), established in 2002 also urged the Government of Sierra Leone to give "serious consideration" to the creation of a "new constitution", in order to contribute to human rights and democracy in the country. It has been long agreed by all political parties that the 1991 Constitution, while contributing to the development of peace and stability in the country, does not reflect the modern values of the country and requires amendment in order to facilitate the continued development of a democratic and stable country.
His Excellency the President of Sierra Leone, Dr. Ernest Bai Koroma officially launched the Constitutional Review process on 30th July, 2013 with the inauguration of the Constitutional Review Committee.